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BPCT project Publications

Jordan, N.R., Apps, P.J., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. (2016) Pair-specific scents in African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus, and an example of a potential method to identify signals within complex mixtures. Chapter 30, pp. 461-476. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. Ed. BA Schulte, T Goodwin & M Ferkin. New York: D. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Apps, P.J. (2016) Does Deconvolution Help to Disentangle the Complexities of Mammal Odors?. Chapter 28, pp. 415-433. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13. Ed. BA Schulte, T Goodwin & M Ferkin. New York: D. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Abrahms, B., Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K.A., McNutt, J.W., Wilson, A.M. & Brashares, J.S. 2016. Lessons from integrating behaviour and resource selection: activity-specific responses of African wild dogs to roads. Animal Conservation. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12235


Pomilia, M.A., McNutt, J.W. & Jordan, N.R. 2015. Ecological predictors of wild dog ranging patterns in northern Botswana. Journal of Mammalogy DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyv130 [VIEW FULLTEXT]
Stein, A.B., Bourquin, S.L. & McNutt, J.W. 2015. Avoiding intraguild competition : leopard feeding ecology and prey caching in northern Botswana. African Journal of Wildlife Research 45, 247-257. [VIEW ABSTRACT]
Cozzi, G., Börger, L., Hutter, P., Abegg, D., Beran, C., McNutt, J.W. & Ozgul, A. 2015. Effects of trophy hunting leftovers on the ranging behaviour of large carnivores: a case study on spotted hyenas. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0121471. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121471 [VIEW FULL TEXT]


Broekhuis, F., Grünewälder, S., McNutt, J.W. & Macdonald, D.W. 2014. Optimal hunting conditions drive circalunar behavior of a diurnal carnivore. Behavioral Ecology, aru122. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Jordan, N.R., Apps, P.J., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. 2014. Top marks for top dogs: Tandem marking and pair-bond advertisement in African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Animal Behaviour 88, 211-217. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Apps, P., Mmualefe, L., Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. 2014. The “tomcat compound” 3-mercapto-3-methylbutanol occurs in the urine of free-ranging leopards but not in African lions or cheetahs. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 53, 17-19. [VIEW ABSTRACT]


Apps, P. J. 2013. Are mammal semiochemicals hiding right under our noses? Naturwisssenshaften 100, 487-506. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Jordan, N.R., Golabek, K. A., Apps, P.J., Gilfillan, G. D. & McNutt, J.W. 2013. Scent-mark identification and scent-marking behaviour in African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Ethology 119, 1-9. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Wilson, A.M., Lowe, J.C., Roskilly, K., Hudson, P.E., Golabek, K.A. & McNutt, J.W. 2013. Locomotion dynamics of hunting in wild cheetahs. Nature 498, 185-189. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Broekhuis, F., Cozzi, G., Valeix, M., McNutt, J.W. & Macdonald, D.W. Risk avoidance in sympatric large carnivores: reactive or predictive? Journal of Animal Ecology 82, 1098-1105. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Cozzi, G., Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J.W. & Schmid, B. 2013. Comparison of the effects of artificial and natural barriers on large African carnivores: Implications for interspecific relationships and connectivity. Journal of Animal Ecology 82, 707-715 [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Packer et al. 2013. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence. Ecology Letters 16, 635–641. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Cozzi, G., Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J. W., & Schmid, B. (2013). Density and habitat use of lions and spotted hyenas in northern Botswana and the influence of survey and ecological variables on call-in survey estimation. Biodiversity and conservation, 22(12), 2937-2956.


Apps, P., Mmualefe, L. & McNutt, J.W. 2012. Identification of Volatiles from the Secretions and Excretions of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus). Journal of Chemical Ecology 38, 1450-1461. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Cozzi, G. , Broekhuis, F., McNutt, J.W., Turnbull, L.A., Macdonald, D.W., Schmid, B. 2012. Fear of the dark or dinner by moonlight? Reduced temporal partitioning among Africa’s large carnivores. Ecology 93, 2590–2599. [VIEW ABSTRACT]                                                         

Apps, P. & Mmualefe, L. 2012. A versatile cryo-focussing flow switching gas chromatography inlet for trace analysis. Journal of Chromatography A, 1257, 171– 188. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Apps, P., Mmualefe, L. & McNutt, J.W. 2012. A reverse engineering approach to identifying which compounds to bioassay for signalling activity in the scent marks of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). In: Proceedings of the Chemical Signals in Vertebrates XII Conference, Berlin. Aug 2011. [VIEW ABSTRACT]    

Prager, K.C, Mazet, J.A.K., Munson, L., Cleaveland, S., Donnelly, C.A., Dubovi, E.J., Szykman Gunther, M., Lines, R., Mills, G., Davies-Mostert, H.T., McNutt, J.W., Rasmussen, G., Terio, K. & Woodroffe, R. 2012. The effect of protected areas on pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) populations. Biological Conservation 150, 15-22. [VIEW ABSTRACT]                                                                           

Jackson, C., McNutt, J.W. & Apps, P. 2012. Managing the ranging behaviour of wild dogs using translocated scent marks. Wildlife Research 39, 31-34. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

McNutt, J. W. & Gusset, M. 2012. Declining body size in an endangered large mammal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105, 8–12. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Marsden, C., Woodroffe, R., Mills, M., McNutt, J. Creel, S.Groom, R., Masenga, E., Cleaveland, S.,Kat, P.,Rasmussen, G.,Ginsberg, J., Lines, R., André, J.,Begg, C., Wayne,   R., & Mable, B. 2012. Spatial and temporal patterns of neutral and adaptive genetic variation in the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Molecular Ecology 21, 1379-93. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Webster, H., McNutt, J.W. & McComb, K. 2011. African wild dogs as a fugitive species: playback experiments investigate how wild dogs respond to their major competitors. Ethology 117, 1-10. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Alexander, K. A. & McNutt. J.W. 2010. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human–animal interface. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8, 522-526. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Webster, H., McNutt, J.W. & McComb, K. 2010. Eavesdropping and Risk Assessment Between Lions, Spotted Hyenas and African Wild Dogs. Ethology 116, 233–239. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Gusset, M., Swarner, M.J., Mponwane, L., Keletile, K. & McNutt, J.W. 2009. Human–wildlife conflict in northern Botswana: livestock predation by Endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus and other carnivores. Orxy 43, 1–6. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Marsden, C.D., Mable, B. K., Woodroffe, R., Rasmussen, G.S.A., Cleaveland, S., Emmanuel, M., Thomas, R., McNutt, J.W., Kennedy, L.J. 2009. Highly endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) lack variation at the major histocompatibility complex. Journal of Heredity 100, S54-S65. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Alexander, K.A., McNutt, J.W., Briggs, M.B., Standers, P.E., Funston, P, Hemson, G., Keet, D., and van Vuuren, M. 2008. Multi-host pathogens and carnivore management in southern Africa. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 698, 1-17. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

McNutt, J.W.,Parker, M.N., Swarner, M.J. & M. Gusset. 2008. Adoption as a conservation tool for endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). South African Journal of Wildlife Research 38, 109–112. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

McNutt, J.W. & Silk, J.B. 2008. Pup production, sex ratios, and survivorship in African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 62, 1061–1067. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



McNutt, J.W., Mills, M.G.L., McCreery, K, Rasmussen, G.S.A., Robbins, R & Woodroffe, R. 2004. Lycaon pictus. In: 2004 Red List of Threatened Species Ed. IUCN. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Pp. 1-9. [VIEW PDF]

Boggs, L. 2004. Community-based natural resource management in the Okavango Delta. In: Rights, Resources & Rural Development : Community-based natural resource management in Southern Africa. Eds. Fabricius, C. & Koch, E.. Earthscan , London. pp147-159. [FIND E-BOOK]

Creel, S., Mills, M.G.L. & McNutt, J.M. 2004. Demography and Population Dynamics of African Wild Dogs in Three Critical Ecosystems. In: The Biology & Conservation of Wild Canids. Ed. D.W.Macdonald & C. Sillero-Zubiri. Oxford University Press. [VIEW PDF]



McNutt, J.W. & Boggs, L.P.  2002. Another Family Dog: The social life of African wild dogs. Africa Geographic 10, 38-49.



McNutt, J.W. 2001. African wild dogs in northern Botswana. In: Report of Proceedings of the National Technical Predator Management and Conservation Workshop in Botswana. DWNP. October 9-12. pp18-24.

McNutt, J.W. 2001. Estimating wildlife populations: Sampling and extrapolation. In: Report of Proceedings of the National Technical Predator Management and Conservation Workshop in Botswana. DWNP. October 9-12. pp54-61.

Girman, D., Vilà, C., Geffen, E., Creel, S., Mills, M., McNutt, J.W., Ginsberg,J.R., Kat, P.,  Mamiya & Wayne, R. 2001. Patterns of population subdivision, gene flow and genetic variability in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Molecular Ecology 10, 1703-1723. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



McNutt, J.W. 2000. Pack Power: African wild dog behaviour. BBC Wildlife 18, 14-20.

Boggs L.P. 2000. Community Power, Participation, Conflict and Development Choice: community wildlife conservation in the Okavango region of Northern Botswana. Evaluating Eden Series, Paper 17, International Institute for Environment and Development, London. [VIEW PDF]



Hamilton, Wm. J. III & McNutt, J.W. 1997. Determinants of conflict outcomes. Chapter 6 In: Perspectives in Ethology. Vol. 12. Ed. Owings, D.H., Clark N., & Beecher, M. Plenum Press, New York. Pp.179-224. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



McNutt, J.W. 1996. Adoption in African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Journal of Zoology 240, 163-173. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

McNutt, J.W. 1996. Sex-biased dispersal in African wild dogs, (Lycaon pictus). Animal. Behaviour 52, 1067-1077. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

McNutt, J.W. & Boggs, L.P.  1996. Running Wild: Dispelling the Myths of the African Wild Dog. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 149p. [BUY BOOK]

Osofsky, S. A., McNutt, J.W. & Hirsch, K.J. 1996. Immobilization of free-ranging African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) using a ketamine/xylazine/atropine combination. Journal of Zoo Wildlife Medicine 27, 528-532. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., House, C., Laurenson, M.K., McNutt, J.W., O’Brien, S.J. & Osburn, B.I. 1995. African horse sickness and African carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology 47, 133-140. [VIEW ABSTRACT]

Ginsberg, J.R., Alexander, K.A., Creel, S., Kat, P.W., McNutt, J.W. & Mills, M.G.L. 1995. Handling and survivorship in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus): A survey of five ecosystems. Conservation Biology 9, 665-674. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Alexander, K.A., MacLachlan, N.J., Kat, P.W., House, C., O’Brien, S.J., Lerche, N.W., Sawyer, M. , Frank, L.G., Holekamp, K., Smale, L.,  McNutt, J.W.,  Laurenson, M.K., Mills, M.G.L. & Osburn, B.I. 1994. Evidence of natural bluetongue virus infection among African carnivores. Am J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 51, 568-576. [VIEW ABSTRACT]



Boggs, L.P. & McNutt, J.W. 1993. Running wild: A close look at Botswana’s painted wolves. Afr. Env. Wildl. 2: 28-36.



Fuller, T. K., Kat, P.W., Bulger, J.B., Maddock, A.H.,  Ginsberg, J.W., Burrows, R.,  McNutt, J.W. & Mills, M.G.L. 1992. Population dynamics of African wild dogs. In: Wildlife 2001: Populations. D.R. Ed: McCullough & R.H. Barrett.  London. Elsevier Applied Science. Pp.1125-1138. [VIEW ABSTRACT]